عنوان مقاله [English]
The structure of Aristotle’s Science is deductive. It needs the premises that cannot be deduced. Therefore, knowledge of the premises of science is an important stage in scientific research. Aristotle, in Analytics and Topics, suggests induction and dialectic for this stage. Aristotle's commentators disagree about this. For example, Bolton prefers induction and Irwin prefers dialectic. Aristotle, according to Bolton’s interpretation, is an empiricist; he starts his researches from particular sense data and then discovers the general principles of science by induction. Irwin believes that scientific researches of Aristotle, as a rationalist philosopher, begins from special kind of reputable opinions (ενδοξα) and then the principles of science are known by a specific dialectic. This paper shows the differences between two interpretation of Bolton and Irwin; observing the issue of the methodology for recognizing the principles of science. Then, we investigate some important difficulties of their interpretations and, finally, suggest some ideas for a better interpretation.